Theme of the Workshop: E-Commerce and Urban Logistics
With the advent of internet, social media and mobile phones, e-Commerce has been transformed, especially in China. China has the most internet shoppers in the world, leading the distant second (USA) by a wide margin. It has been identified that online e-Commerce for individual shoppers must be accompanied by efficient logistics. Reportedly, in 2015, the Alibaba Group's websites accounted for over 60% of the parcels delivered in China. Every day, more than 30 million parcels are delivered through the Alibaba Group’s websites. At the same time, the transportation operations have a significant impact on the environment, due to the negative externalities generated, such as the increase of traffic and congestion, the energy consumption, visual, noise and air pollution. These problems tend to make urban logistics very expensive, inefficient and polluting. In this scenario, several stakeholders, such as companies operating in the Courier, Express and Parcel markets, as well as local administrations, ready to consider City Logistics projects and to implement new business models based on vehicles with low and very low environmental impact.